Coastal zones

Photo: © Krasimir Delchev

The coastal zones of the Adriatic, Baltic and Black Sea are facing severe pressures from development. Multiple sea and coast-based activities such as tourism, transport, fishery ⁄ aquaculture and energy generation are constantly growing.

Combined with the requirements for nature protection and the effects of global climate change, these uses implicate numerous actual and potential conflicts, which are not limited to the landside areas, but will affect offshore areas even more strongly in future.

The challenge is to make the most of the economic potential of the seas in a sustainable manner — by avoiding conflicts and creating maximum synergies between the various interest groups. Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) meets this challenge from a versatile point of view.